Neoplasms are one of the main causes of death in developed countries. The most common out of many types of neoplasms, also known as tumors, are: lung cancer, colorectal cancer, melanoma and, in the case of women, breast cancer. The causes of the development of tumors are complex and dependent on both environmental and genetic factors. The environmental risk of neoplasms can be controlled by introducing healthy nutrition, getting enough sleep, eliminating stress and taking care of other aspects which influence our health. Currently, the genetic risk stays beyond our control; however, thanks to new scientific discoveries, we are now able to learn about it and take remedial steps.
The goal of this test is presenting the genetic risk of some types of tumors, which allows for introducing proper prophylactic measures and taking necessary medical examinations, which can help prevent the development of tumors, delay their growth, or enable their quick detection.
The results presented in this section of the report will be particularly interesting for people who want to know the genetic risk of getting colorectal cancer, skin cancer (melanoma) and breast cancer. The test does not include hereditary forms of those tumors*, but gives you knowledge about your potential risk, as compared to the average risk observed in the population.
* If at least two people closely related to you died of a specific type of cancer, go to a genetic clinic to conduct detailed diagnostics and assess the risk.
The test covers 356 SNP type mutations that have been described in scientific literature and whose connection with an increased risk of getting a given type of cancer has been proven.
This section presents information about the potential genetic risk of lung cancer. Apart from genetic predispositions, the risk factors causing this disease are mostly smoking and exposure to radon and asbestos. The main symptoms, which include pneumonia, spitting blood, chest aches, manifest themselves at a relatively late stage, when the chances for curing the disease are already quite small.
Information contained within this section describe the genetic risk of getting colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer progresses from benign bumps called adenomas, and its transformation lasts for about 10 years. A low-fiber diet is conducive to the development od this disease, and its main symptoms include the presence of blood in the stool, stomach aches, diarrhea and vomiting.
The customer will obtain information about the genetic risk of the given types of cancer, and whether this risk is higher or lower than average. Basing on the result, the customer will be able to make a decision whether to contact his or her family practitioner, or a geneticist, to continure further diagnostics.